Updates

The 400 kV transmission line

· The 400 kV transmission lin...

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Upgrade of Nkula A

Nkula A hydropower plant has u...

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Potential sites for Power Generation

The Department of Energy has b...

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Intergrated Resource Plan (IRP)

With the growing Demand in pow...

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Renewable Energy Strategy

· The Ministry developed a Ren...

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Energy Policy

· The Energy Policy of 2003 ha...

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Welcome to the official Department of Energy Affairs website. This website provides information on efforts made so far, status and future plans for improving the energy sector in Malawi. Malawi, just like other countries, considers energy as the main driver of economic growth; improving delivery of social services; creating investment and employment opportunities; and reducing poverty. The country has identified energy as a priority sector in order to stimulate developments in other sectors of the economy such as Agriculture and Industry. These two sectors contribute about 52% of the National GDP with 33% from Agriculture and 19% from Industry.

The energy sector in Malawi is governed by the National Energy Policy of 2018 whose main goal is “To increase access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, efficient and modern energy for every person in the country”. 

To find more out about Energy sector governance follow this link....

In the SADC region, the country has a remarkable low national electrification rate at around 10%. While electricity has reached almost 25% of urban households, rural electrification lies only at 5%. Roughly 85% of country’s total population still uses fuel wood for cooking. 

To find out more follow this link...

The Government of Malawi unbundled  a vertically intergrated power market  which had ESCOM as the sole power utility in the country, monopolizing the generation, transmission and distribution of power. The unbundling of ESCOM gave rise to two companies- one responsible for generation (EGENCO) and the residual ESCOM for transmission and distribution to ensure a leveled playing field in power trading and provide third party access to transmission lines for all generation companies in the country. This is aimed to spur development in the power sector and in the short to medium term, increase the power generation capacity as well as the overall efficiency of the power market in the country.

No.

PROJECT NAME

CAPACITY (MW)

CURRENT PROJECT STATUS

1

Chasombo hydro power site

50

IPP in place and conducting FS

2

Mpatamanga hydropower site

300

Spill way model testing in progress. PPP arrangement in progress

3

Chizuma hydropower site

40

IPP in place and conducting FS

4

Chimgonda hydropower site

50

Pre-feasibility study done

5

Lower Fufu hydropower site

140

Feasibility study and detailed designs done

6

Kholombidzo hydropower site

200

Feasibility study in progress

7

Songwe River hydropower

90

Detailed designing & tender documents done

8

Mbongozi

41

PPA signed between IPP and Utility

9

Tedzani IV

22

Construction in progress

10

Nkula A Upgrade

12

Upgrades done

11

Tedzani III Upgrade

10

Procuring EPC contractor

12

Kamwamba Coal-fired

300

Financing stage

13

Bagasse Cogeneration

51

Financing stage

14

Diesel power plants

78 

Power Generation in progress

15

Geothermal power generation

> 500 

Pre-feasibility study  completed

16

Wind power generation

> 200 MW

Resource mapping completed

17

Solar power generation

> 200 MW

Resource mapping completed

18

Mozambique – Malawi (400kV

300 MW

Procurement of contractor

19

Zambia – Malawi 330kV

 

MOU Signed. Feasibility Study in progress

20

Tanzania – Malawi

 

Feasibility study in progress

The energy sector in Malawi has met a number of challenges that have contributed to unreliable power supply. Below are some of the challenges;

Over reliance on hydropower from one river (Shire river)
The government in implementing a number of project to diversify sources of power in order to curb this challenge.

Lack of funding for energy infrastructure
The ministry of Energy is implementing a number of measures such as; reviewing the energy policy and other related legal instrument to allow participation of IPPs; restructuring the power market; implementing a cost reflective tariff and conducting feasibility studies for   various power sources.

Aging power plants
Most of the country’s power plants were commissioned long time ago hence they have become inefficient and have high rate of breakdown, as such the government has plans to rehabilitate existing power plants and also build new power plants.

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 Department of Energy Affairs, P/Bag 309, Lilongwe 3, Malawi. Telephone: +265 1 770 688 Fax: +265 1 770 094/771954. E-mail: info@energy.gov.mw

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